Tafawa Balewa is one of the 16 Local Government Area created by the Military regime of late Gen. Murtala R. Muhammad in 1976. Tafawa Balewa the major town in the area was made its headquarters.
The local government is bordered on the north by Dass, Bauchi on the north-east, Alkaleri on the east, Plateau (Kanam LGA) on the south – east, Bogoro LGA on the south and again Plateau State on the south – west and the west at the same time.
From 1976 – 1996 Tafawa Balewa LGA comprised three (3) Districts, namely Lere, Bula and Bogoro. It was the outcome of the report of Babalakin Commission of Inquiry into the 1991 Crisis that the then Supreme Military Council created Bogoro LGA from the Tafawa Balewa LGA. Bogoro LGA mainly covered areas populated by the Sayawa living the two other districts (Lere and Bula) in Tafawa Balewa LGA which are predominantly Hausa, Fulani and Jarawa.
The two districts Lere and Bula are headed by Fulani and their nine (9) Constituent Village Areas are headed by non-Sayawa as follows:
- Bula, Dull And Wai Village Areas – Fulani
- Bununu, Mbal And Kardam Village Areas – Jarawa
- Lere Village Area – Hausa
- Tapshin Village Ares – Tapshin/Ngas
- Dajin Village Area - Bankalawa
The ethnic nationalities in Lere and Bula Districts of Tafawa Balewa include: Hausa, Fulani, Jarawa, Kantanawa, Tapshin, Bijim, Afizere, Shalawa, Wurawa, Zaksawa, Bankalawa and Sigdawa.
Politically the Lere District is made up of eight (8) wards namely: Lere – north, Lere – south, Kardam A, Kardam B, Kardan C, Wai A, Wai B, and Tapshin. Bula District also comprises 8 political wards, namely; Bununu A, Bununu B, Bula A, Bula B, Dull A, Dull B, Mbal and Dajin.
The Sayawa ethnic nationality is predominant only in Lere south and part of Wai B. They constitute less than 10% of the population of the LGA. In the entire Bula District, there is a no single settlement belonging to the Sayawa.